Fundamentals of Computer System

Fundamentals of Computer System

Learning Objectives

  • Introduce the fundamentals of computing devices and reinforce computer vocabulary, particularly with respect to personal use of computer hardware and software, the Internet, networking and mobile computing.
  • Give students an in-depth understanding of why computers are essential components in business, education and society.

Module-1: (6 Hrs.)

Evolution of the computing machine

  • Abacus
  • Napers bones
  • Pascaline
  • Leibniz calculatorJacquard’s loom
  • Difference engine
  • Analytical engine
  • Hollerith’s machine

Module-2: (6 Hrs.)

Generations of computers

  • First Generations of computers (1940-1956)
  • Second Generations of computers (1956-1963)
  • Third Generations of computers (1969-1971)
  • Fourth Generations of Computer (1971- present)
  • Fifth Generations of computers (Present beyond).

Module-3: (1 Hrs.)

Types of computers

  • Desktop computers
  • Work stations
  • Note book computers
  • Tablet computers
  • Hand held computers
  • Smart phones.

Module-4: (1 Hrs.)

Functional units of a computer

  • Input unit
  • Storage Unit
  • CPU
  • Output

Module-5: (6 Hrs.)

Hardware

  • Processors
  • Motherboard
  • Peripherals and parts
  • Memory
  • Primary
  • ROM & RAM
  • Secondary or auxiliary storage
  • Magnetic storage devises
  • Optical storage devises
  • Conductor storage

Module-6: (5 Hrs.)

Input/ output devices

  • Keyboard
  • mouse
  • Light-Pen
  • Touch screen
  • Graphic tablet
  • Joystick
  • Microphone
  • Scanner
  • Mark reader
  • Barcode/ QR Code reader
  • MICR reader
  • Biometric sensor
  • Smart card reader
  • Digital camera output devices
  • LCD-Printer
  • Plotter
  • 3D Printer.

Module-7: (2 Hrs.)

Software-OS-Process management-memory management-file management

  • Device management
  • Application software.

Module-8: (3 Hrs.)

Cyber Crimes against individuals

  • Identity hurt
  • Harassment
  • impersonation and cheating
  • Violation of privacy- cyber
  • Crimes against property
  • Credit card fraud
  • Intellectual property theft
  • Internet time theft
  • Cybercrimes against Government
  • Cyber terrorism
  • Website defacement
  • Attack against e-government website

Reference:

  • Computer Fundamentals” by P K Sinha
  • Computer Fundamentals: Architecture & Organization Ram, B. 4th ed New Age
  • Computer Networks & Internets: With Internet Applications Comer, Douglas 4th ed Pearson